Culture and Civilization 1
Andrea Martínez
Profesorado Superior de Lenguas Vivas / Salta
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Andrea Martínez
Creado: 10.09.2013 @ 3:32:55 am
Estado del Foro: Abierto
Latin Church Fathers and Monasticism

Analyze the role played by monasticism and the Latin Church Fathers in the development of Christianity.

Conceptos clave: latin
Rafael Salazar
Creado: 17.09.2013 @ 3:19:39 pm
Latin Church Fathers and Monasticism

Both Christhian Monasticism and the Latin Church Fathers have played an important role in the development of Christianity. The ascetic lifestyle instituted by Saint Basil, followed by the monastics of the eastern church, with the main features of fasting, poverty and celibacy were essential to the creation of Benedictine Monasteries that provided local education, managed hospices, sponsored sacred music and art, and produced a continuous stream of missionaries, scholars, mystics, and church reformers.

The Latin scholars who live between the fourth and sixth centuries, took an important role in the formulation of christian dogma and liturgy. Saint Jerome translated into Latin both the Hebrew Bible and the Greek book of the New Testament. This translations became the official Bible of the Roman Catholic Church. Ambrose drew hebrew, greek and southwest asian traditions in formulating Christian Doctrine and Liturgy. Gregory established the administrative machinery by wich all subsequent popes would govern the church of Rome. Augustine of Hippo, the most influential of latin church fathers, was considered the greatest philosopher of Christian antiquity throughout his treatises on the nature of the soul, free will and the meaning of evil. Augustine makes a fundamental distinction between physical and spiritual satisfaction and the happiness of the life of the saints.

belen mendez
Creado: 17.09.2013 @ 1:28:12 pm
Christian monasticism

First of all, monasticism comes from the Greek monas, meaning alone. Furthermore, is the religious practice in which people renounce material world for prayer.

 The earliest christian monastics pursued sanctity in the deserts of Egypt following the ascetic lifestyle (festing, poverty and celibacy) which was instituted by the Greek bishop Saint Basil and in 529, the first Western monastic community was founded at Monte Cassino in southern Italy. Named after Benedict of Nursia, the Benedictine rule required vows of poverty, chastity and obedience to the governing abbot or father of the abbey (the monastic community).

Ragarding women, the church prohibited them from holding positions of church authority and from receiving ordination as secular clergy. However women were not excluded from joining the ranks of the religious. For instance, in the West aristrocratic women turn their homes into nunneries where they gave religious education to women. 

From the fifth century on, fewer men and women learned to read and write because the lack of sources of education.So, over the centuries, the monasteries had the task of preserving the history and literature,  providing with education, managing hospices, etc. 

Latin church fathers 

The most important figures in the formulation of Christian dogma in the west were: Jerome Ambrose, Gregory and Augustine. 

Jerome, educated in Rome, translated into Latin both the Hebrew Bible and the Greek books of the new testament which soon become the official bible of the Roman Catholic Church. Ambrose drew on Hebrew, Greek and Asian taditions in formulating Christian doctrine and liturgy. He wrote a Christian hymn that is characterized by lyrical simplicity. Regarding Gregory, he established the administrative machinery by which all subsequent popes would govern the Church of Rome. Finally, Augustine of Hippo, a great philosopher because his opinion about free will and meaning of evil, made a disctintion between physical and spiritual satisfaction. This dualistic model of the human being (the unclean body and the purified soul) drew on the Neoplatonist duality of matter and spirit.

Gisela Cruz
Creado: 17.09.2013 @ 12:42:54 pm
Christianity
Monasticism helped to the development of Christianity by modeling the rules over which Christian Church is founded. Most of these rules are based on the scriptures and also in the Old Testament. Monasticism is a way of life carried by individuals who choose to live an ascetic lifestyle. Nowadays, We can notice that religious people (monls) still follow the Benedictine rule by taking bows of poverty, fasting and celibacy. Another noticeable feature in Christian Church nowadays that was held by monastics and church fathers is the fact that women are forbidden from holding positions of authority and from receiving ordination as secular clergy. On the other hand the legacies left by the Latin Church Fathers were: -Saint Jerome's translation of the Hebrew Bible and the Greek books of the New Testament into Latin. -Ambrose's hymns wrote for a congregational use. -Gregory's establishment of the administrative machinery by which all the subsequent popes would govern the Church of Rome. -Augustine's treatises.
Gisela Cruz
Creado: 17.09.2013 @ 12:42:21 pm
Christianity
Monasticism helped to the development of Christianity by modeling the rules over which Christian Church is founded. Most of these rules are based on the scriptures and also in the Old Testament. Monasticism is a way of life carried by individuals who choose to live an ascetic lifestyle. Nowadays, We can notice that religious people (monls) still follow the Benedictine rule by taking bows of poverty, fasting and celibacy. Another noticeable feature in Christian Church nowadays that was held by monastics and church fathers is the fact that women are forbidden from holding positions of authority and from receiving ordination as secular clergy. On the other hand the legacies left by the Latin Church Fathers were: -Saint Jerome's translation of the Hebrew Bible and the Greek books of the New Testament into Latin. -Ambrose's hymns wrote for a congregational use. -Gregory's establishment of the administrative machinery by which all the subsequent popes would govern the Church of Rome. -Augustine's treatises.
Gisela Cruz
Creado: 17.09.2013 @ 12:41:08 pm
Christianity
Monasticism helped to the development of Christianity by modeling the rules over which Christian Church is founded. Most of these rules are based on the scriptures and also in the Old Testament. Monasticism is a way of life carried by individuals who choose to live an ascetic lifestyle. Nowadays, We can notice that religious people (monls) still follow the Benedictine rule by taking bows of poverty, fasting and celibacy. Another noticeable feature in Christian Church nowadays that was held by monastics and church fathers is the fact that women are forbidden from holding positions of authority and from receiving ordination as secular clergy. On the other hand the legacies left by the Latin Church Fathers were: -Saint Jerome's translation of the Hebrew Bible and the Greek books of the New Testament into Latin. -Ambrose's hymns wrote for a congregational use. -Gregory's establishment of the administrative machinery by which all the subsequent popes would govern the Church of Rome. -Augustine's treatises.
Gisela Cruz
Creado: 17.09.2013 @ 12:39:49 pm
Christianity
Monasticism helped to the development of Christianity by modeling the rules over which Christian Church is founded. Most of these rules are based on the scriptures and also in the Old Testament. Monasticism is a way of life carried by individuals who choose to live an ascetic lifestyle. Nowadays, We can notice that religious people (monls) still follow the Benedictine rule by taking bows of poverty, fasting and celibacy. Another noticeable feature in Christian Church nowadays that was held by monastics and church fathers is the fact that women are forbidden from holding positions of authority and from receiving ordination as secular clergy. On the other hand the legacies left by the Latin Church Fathers were: -Saint Jerome's translation of the Hebrew Bible and the Greek books of the New Testament into Latin. -Ambrose's hymns wrote for a congregational use. -Gregory's establishment of the administrative machinery by which all the subsequent popes would govern the Church of Rome. -Augustine's treatises.
Anabella del Milagro Alaniz
Creado: 17.09.2013 @ 12:01:19 pm
Latin church fathers and monasticism

Monasticism: The earliest Christian monastic carried sanctity on the deserts of Egypt. The essential features of the ascetic lifestyle instituted by the Greek bishop Saint were fasting, poverty and celibacy. Regarding to women the Church prohibited them from holding positions of Church authority and from receiving ordination as secular clergy. By the fifth century members of the regular clergy played an important role in Western intellectual history. Benedictine monks and nuns hand-copied and illustrated Christian as well as Classical manuscripts.  Benedictine monasteries provided local education, managed hospices, sponsored sacred music and art and produced a continuous stream of missionaries, scholars, mystics and Church reformers.

Latin Fathers: the most important figures were:

-SAINT JEROME: translated into Latin both the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament.

-AMBROSE: Formulated Christian doctrine and liturgy, he wrote some of the earliest Christian hymns for congregational use which are characterized by a lyrical simplicity that made them models of religious expression.

- GREGORY: a Roman aristocrat, was vital to the development of early church government, he established the administrative machinery by which all subsequent popes would govern the Church of Rome, he also sent missionaries to convert England to Christianity, he extended the temporal authority of the Roman Church throughout Western Europe.

- AUGUSTINE OF HIPPO: treatised on the nature of soul, free will and the meaning of evil made him the greatest philosopher of Christian antiquity; he converted to Christianity at the age of thirty-three. Augustine´s lifelong conflict between his love of wordly pleasures, dominated by what he called his "lower self “and his love of God, exercised by the "higher part of our nature" is the focus of his autobiography known as the "Confessions".

Gisela Acoria
Creado: 17.09.2013 @ 11:30:18 am
Latin church fathers and Monasticism

Christian Monasticism comes from the Greek “monas “meaning alone. Fasting, poverty, celibacy were  instituted by the bishop Saint Basil (329-379).In 529 at Monte Cassino in southern Italy  the First Western Monastic Community was founded by Benedict. The Benedictine order involved vows of poverty, vows of chastity and obedience to the abbot and a routine of work that freed monks from dependence on the secular world. Church prohibited woman from holding positions of church authority and from receiving ordination as secular clergy. Benedictine nunneries provided religious education for women of all classes .Scholastica who was Benedict´s  sister provided a refuge for female intellectuals and offered women an alternative to marriage.

The Latin Church fathers were Jerome, Ambrose, Gregory and Augustine. They   were the responsibles of the formulation of Christian dogma and liturgy in the West. Jerome(347-420)Translated into Latin the Hebrew Bible and the Greek books of the New Testament which is the Official Bible of the Roman Catholic Church . Ambrose (339-397)wrote some of the earliest Christian hymns for congregational use. Gregory The Great (540-604) established the administrative machinery, in which subsequent popes would govern the Church of Rome. He also sent missionaries to convert England to Christianity. His name was associated with the codification of the body of chants that became the liturgical music of the early Church. Augustine of Hippo (354-430) was the greatest philosopher of Christian antiquity who was converted to Christianity at the age of thirty three.

Gisela Acoria
Creado: 17.09.2013 @ 11:29:55 am
Latin church fathers and Monasticism

Christian Monasticism comes from the Greek “monas “meaning alone. Fasting, poverty, celibacy were  instituted by the bishop Saint Basil (329-379).In 529 at Monte Cassino in southern Italy  the First Western Monastic Community was founded by Benedict. The Benedictine order involved vows of poverty, vows of chastity and obedience to the abbot and a routine of work that freed monks from dependence on the secular world. Church prohibited woman from holding positions of church authority and from receiving ordination as secular clergy. Benedictine nunneries provided religious education for women of all classes .Scholastica who was Benedict´s  sister provided a refuge for female intellectuals and offered women an alternative to marriage.

The Latin Church fathers were Jerome, Ambrose, Gregory and Augustine. They   were the responsibles of the formulation of Christian dogma and liturgy in the West. Jerome(347-420)Translated into Latin the Hebrew Bible and the Greek books of the New Testament which is the Official Bible of the Roman Catholic Church . Ambrose (339-397)wrote some of the earliest Christian hymns for congregational use. Gregory The Great (540-604) established the administrative machinery, in which subsequent popes would govern the Church of Rome. He also sent missionaries to convert England to Christianity. His name was associated with the codification of the body of chants that became the liturgical music of the early Church. Augustine of Hippo (354-430) was the greatest philosopher of Christian antiquity who was converted to Christianity at the age of thirty three.

Gisela Acoria
Creado: 17.09.2013 @ 11:29:42 am
Latin church fathers and Monasticism

Christian Monasticism comes from the Greek “monas “meaning alone. Fasting, poverty, celibacy were  instituted by the bishop Saint Basil (329-379).In 529 at Monte Cassino in southern Italy  the First Western Monastic Community was founded by Benedict. The Benedictine order involved vows of poverty, vows of chastity and obedience to the abbot and a routine of work that freed monks from dependence on the secular world. Church prohibited woman from holding positions of church authority and from receiving ordination as secular clergy. Benedictine nunneries provided religious education for women of all classes .Scholastica who was Benedict´s  sister provided a refuge for female intellectuals and offered women an alternative to marriage.

The Latin Church fathers were Jerome, Ambrose, Gregory and Augustine. They   were the responsibles of the formulation of Christian dogma and liturgy in the West. Jerome(347-420)Translated into Latin the Hebrew Bible and the Greek books of the New Testament which is the Official Bible of the Roman Catholic Church . Ambrose (339-397)wrote some of the earliest Christian hymns for congregational use. Gregory The Great (540-604) established the administrative machinery, in which subsequent popes would govern the Church of Rome. He also sent missionaries to convert England to Christianity. His name was associated with the codification of the body of chants that became the liturgical music of the early Church. Augustine of Hippo (354-430) was the greatest philosopher of Christian antiquity who was converted to Christianity at the age of thirty three.

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