Culture and Civilization 1
Andrea Martínez
Profesorado Superior de Lenguas Vivas / Salta
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Andrea Martínez
Creado: 10.09.2013 @ 3:32:55 am
Estado del Foro: Abierto
Latin Church Fathers and Monasticism

Analyze the role played by monasticism and the Latin Church Fathers in the development of Christianity.

Conceptos clave: latin
Florencia Meneces
Creado: 16.09.2013 @ 11:14:11 pm
Latin Church Fathers and Monasticism
There are two factors that contributed to the developement of Christianity: *Monasticism: Its members take vows of poverty , chastity and obedience. One of it characteristics is the impulse to retreat from the turmoil of secular life. (imperfect world). Besides, monks followed a balanced routine of religious study and prayer. *Latin church Fathers:They were important actors in the formulation of Christian dogma and liturgy. Each of them make a contribution - Jerome: His main contribution is the translation of the Hebrew Bible and the Greeks books of the New Testament into Latin. - Ambrose : He wrote some of the earliest Christian hymns for congretional use. - Gregory (the Great): He stablished the administrative machinery by which all subsequentes pop would govern the church of Rome - Augustine (of Hippo) : He clarifies a dualistic model of the human being. constituted by the "lower self" and "higher part of nature"
Carla Alejandra Condori Aguaysol
Creado: 16.09.2013 @ 9:17:08 pm
Latin Church Fathers and Monasticism

 The earliest monastics pursued sanctity in the deserts of Egypt by taking thwe following vows: fasting, poverty and celibacy. From the 5th century on, members of thew regular clergy played an important role in Western intellectual history. They received the task of preserving the history and Literature of the past. . Over the centuries Benedictine monasteries provided local education, managed hospices, sponsored sacred music and art and produced a continuous stream of misionaries, schlars, mystics and Chyrsh reformers. 
Tha Latin Churs¿ch fathers:
Jerome: translated into Latin the Hebrew Bible and the Greek books of the New Testament. 
Ambrose: he wrote some of the earliest Christians hymns dor congregational use. 
Gregory: he established the administrative machinery by which all subsequent popes would govern the Church of Rome and sent missionaries to convert England to Christianity. 
Augustine. he was a great philosopher and wrote treatises on the nature of the soul, fre will and the meaning of evil. 

VANESA RODRIGUEZ
Creado: 16.09.2013 @ 7:40:47 pm
LATIN CHURCH FATHERS AND MONASTICISM

The main role of Christian Monasticism was communal ascetism. Fasting, poverty, and celibacy were characteristics of the ascetic lifestyle instituted by the Greek bishop Saint Basil.

Related to the Latin Church fathers, it is considered the most important figures were four Latin Scholars:  Jerome, Ambrose, Gregory, and Augustine.

Saint Jerome translated into Latin both the Hebrew Bible and the Greek books of the “New Testament”.

Ambrose wrote some of the earliest Christian hymns for congregational use. Ambrose’s hymns are characterized by a lyrical simplicity that made them models of the religious expression.

Gregory established the administrative machinery by which all subsequent popes would govern of the Church Rome. Also, Gregory sent missionaries to convert England to Christianity; he extended the temporary authority of the Roman Church throughout Western Europe.

Augustine of Hippo analyzed the nature of the soul and free will. He wrote an autobiography known as the “Confessions” based on his own experiences during his turbulent youth. Here, Augustine makes a fundamental distinction between physical and spiritual satisfaction. The dualistic model of the human being was related to the Neo-Platonist duality of Matter and Spirit and the Pauline promise that the original sin might be cleansed by the sacrifice of Jesus.

Natalia López Nieva
Creado: 16.09.2013 @ 10:26:23 am
Monasticism and the Latin Church Fathers

 

Christian Monasticism:Centuries before Christ, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Judaism developed alternative styles of life which involved renouncing the world to seek liberation or purification or union with God, sometimes as a solitary ascetic, sometimes in community. The earliest Christian monastics  pursued sanctity in the deserts of Egypt. Fasting, poverty and celibacy were the essential features of the ascetic lifestyle instituted by the Greek bishop Saint Basil and still followed by monastics of the Eastern Church. The Benedictine order, the first monastic community in the West, was founded in southern Italy. It required vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience to the governing abbot; it established a routine of work that freed monks from dependence on the secular world. Monastics and church fathers considered women as the daughters of Eve, sinful and dangerous as objects of sexual temptations. The Church prohibited women from holding positions of church authority and from receiving ordination as secular clergy.In the West, aristocratic women often turned their homes into Benedictine nunneries , where they provided religious education to women of all classes.The Latin Church Fathers:The Church Fathers were generally influential Christian theologians, they were eminent teachers and great bishops. The four Latin Church fathers Jerome, Ambrose, Gregory, and Augustine, were responsible for the formulation of Christian dogma and liturgy.Augustine’s writings were crucial to the development of the allegorical tradition. He was the greatest philosopher of Christian antiquity.·  Ambrose wrote some of the earliest Christian hymns for congregational use. Gregory the Great was vital to the development of early church government. Gregory established the administrative machinery by which all subsequent popes would govern the Church of Rome. Jerome, a Christian educated in Rome, translated into Latin the Hebrew Bible and the Greek Books of the “New Testament”.

 

beatriz cardozo
Creado: 16.09.2013 @ 8:02:08 am
Monasticism and Latin church Fathers

The earliest Christian monastics pursued sanctity in the deserts of Egypt, Fasting, poverty, and celibacy were the essential features of the ascetic lifestyle instituted by the Greek bishop Saint Basil. The Benedictine rule required that its menbers take vows of poverty, chstity, and obedience to the governing abbot, or father of the abbey. Benedictine monks followed a routine of work the freed them from dependence on the secular world, balanced by religious study and prayer. Their task was preserving history and literature.

Benedictine monks and nuns hand copied and illustrated Christian as well as Classical manuscripts, and stored them in their libraries. Benedictine monasteries provided local education, managed hospices, sponsored sacred music and art, and produced a continuous stream of missionaries, scholars, mystics and Church reformers.

Jerome, Ambrose, Gregory, and Augustin were the most important figures in the formulation of Christian dogma and liturgy.

Saint Jerome translated into Latin boht the Hebrew Bible and the Greek books of the New Testament. This mammoth task became the official Bible of the Roman catholic Church.

Ambrose wrote some of the earliest Christian hymns for congregational use. Influenced by eastern Mediterranean chants and Hebrew psalms, Ambrose's hymns are characterized by a lirical simplicity that made them models of religious expression.

Gregory established the administrative machinery by which all subsequent popes would govern the Church of Rome.

Augustine and his treatises on the nature of the soul, free will, and the meaning of evil made him the greatest philosopher of Christian antiquity.

 

María Candelaria Chalom
Creado: 15.09.2013 @ 11:07:39 pm
Latin church fathers and monasticism

Monasticsm:
Fasting, poverty and celibacy were the essensial features of the ascetic lifestyle. The Benedictine rule required that its members take vows of poverty (the renunciation of all material possesions), chastity (abstention from sexual activity), and obedience to the governing abbot or father of the abbey (the monastic community). Benedictine monks followed a routine of work that freed them from dependence on the secular world, balanced by relegious study and prayer.
Latin church fathers:
These were the Latin scholars Jerome, Ambrose, Gregory, and Augustine.
Sanit Jerome transmited the old and new testaments.
Ambrose formulated Christian doctrine and liturgy and wrote Christian hymns for congregational use.
Gregory the Great contributed to the development of church goverment. He stablished administrative machinery by which popes would govern the Church of Rome. Also, he sent missionaries to convert England to Christianity.  
Finally, the most influencial father of the church was Augustine of Hippo. He was the Greatest Christian philosopher of antiquity. He wrote the autobiography known as confessions, in which he makes a distinction between physical and spiritual satisfaction. He identifies three temptations that endanger his soul: the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the ambition of the world.

Claudia Vargas
Creado: 15.09.2013 @ 12:59:16 pm
Latin Church Fathers and Monasticism

The Latin Church Fathers

The Church Fathers, Early Church Fathers, Christian Fathers, or Fathers of the Church are ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, some of whom were eminent teachers and great bishops. The four Latin Church fathers Jerome, Ambrose, Gregory, and Augustine, were responsible for the formulation of Christian dogma and liturgy.

·         Augustine’s writings were crucial to the development of the allegorical tradition. His treatises on the nature of the soul, free will and the meaning of evil made him the greatest philosopher of Christian antiquity.

·         Ambrose wrote some of the earliest Christian hymns for congregational use.

·         Gregory the Great was vital to the development of early church government. Gregory established the administrative machinery by which all subsequent popes would govern the Church of Rome.

·         Jerome, a Christian educated in Rome, translated into Latin both the Hebrew Bible and the Greek Books of the “New Testament”.

Christian Monasticism

The concept of monasticism is ancient and is found in many religions and philosophies. In the centuries immediately before Christ, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Judaism all developed alternative styles of life which involved renouncing the world in some ways, in order to seek liberation or purification or union with God, sometimes as a solitary ascetic, sometimes in community. The earliest Christian monastics (the word comes from the Greek monas, meaning “alone”) pursued sanctity in the deserts of Egypt. Fasting, poverty and celibacy were the essential features of the ascetic lifestyle instituted by the Greek bishop Saint Basil and still followed by monastics of the Eastern Church. The Benedictine order, the first monastic community in the West, was founded in southern Italy. It required vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience to the governing abbot; it established a routine of work that freed monks from dependence on the secular world.

 

Monastics and church fathers alike generally regarded women as the daughters of Eve, inherently sinful and dangerous as objects of sexual temptations. The Church prohibited women from holding positions of church authority and from receiving ordination as secular clergy. However, in Egypt some 20.000 women lived in  monastic communities as nuns. In the West, aristocratic women often turned their homes into Benedictine nunneries , where they provided religious educationfor women of all classes.

Gabriela Isabel Pàrraga
Creado: 14.09.2013 @ 10:24:31 pm
Latin Church Fathers and Monasticism

The early christians monastics pursued sanctity in the deserts of Egyt by doing different sacrifices, like fasting, poverty and celibacy. 
Benedict of Nursia established a rule that consisted of taking vows of poverty. chastity and obedience to the father of the abeey.
Monastics and church fathers alike generally regarded women as the daughters of Eve, The Church prohibited women from holding positions of church authority and from receiving ordination as secular clergy.
From the 5th Century pn, members of the regular clergy played an increasingly important role in Wstern Intellectual history. As Greek and Roman sources of education dried up and fewer men and weomenlearned to read and write, the task of preserving the history and literature of the past fell to the last bastions of literacy: "The Monasteries".
In the formulation of Christian dogma and liturgy in the west, the most important figures were four Latin scholars:

  • Jerome:  A Christian Educated in Rome, translated into Latin both The Hebrew Bible and The Greek Books of the New Testament. he considered pagan culture a distraction from the spiritual life , he admired writers of the Classical period
  • Ambrose: He was an aristocrat who became Bishop of Milan. he he wrote some Hymns influenced by mediterranean chants, and hebrew psalms.They arecharacterized bya lyrical simplicity  that made them models of expression. He drew on Hebrew, Greek and southwest Asian traditions in formulating Christian doctrine and liturgy.  
  • Gregory:  He was an aristocrat too. He was elected by the popacy in 590, He established the administative machinery. He sent missionaries England to Christianity.
  • Augustine: He was a native of Roman Africa. He was one of the most influential and profund. His treatises on the nature of the soul, free will, and the meaning of the evil made him a greatest phillosopher. Before his conversion to Christianity he had enjoyed a sensual and turbulent youth. Cool
Emilce Rodo
Creado: 13.09.2013 @ 9:54:32 pm
Christian Monasticism and Latin church fathers

The earliest Christian monastics pursed sanctity in the deserts of Egypt. Fasting, poverty and clibacy were the essential features of the ascetic lifestyle and still followed by monastic of monastics of the eastern church.
Th first western monastic  community was founded at Monte Cassino in souther Italy, all its members take vows of poverty, chastity and obedience. 
Mnastic and church fathers alike generally regarded women as the daughters of Eve, inherently sinful and dangerous as objects of sexual temptation. The church prohibited women from holding positions of church authority nd from receiving ordination as secular clergy.
From the fifth century on, members of the regular clergy played an increasingly important role in western intellectual history; the task of preserving the history and literature of the past fell to the last bastions of literacy: the monasteries. Monks and nuns hand-copied and illustrated christian as well as classicla manuscripts, and stored them in the libraries. Over the centuries, Bendictine monasteries provided local education, managed hospices, sponsored sacred music and art and prodeced a continuous stream of missionaries, scholars, mystics and church reformers.
In the formulation of christian dogma and liturgy in the west, the most important figures were four latins scholars who lived between the 4th and 6th centuries: Jerome, Ambrose, Gregory and Augustine. Saint Jerome translated into latin both the hebrew bible and the greek books of the new testament. Jerome admired the writers of classical antiquity and plunder the spoils of classicism to build the edifice of a new faith. Ambrose wrote some of the first christian hymns for congregational use. Gregory established the administrative machinery by which all subsequent popes would govern the church of Rome. The most profound and influncial of all the latin church fathers was Augustine of Hippo. His treaties on the nature of th soul, free will, and the meaning of evil made him the greatest philosopher of christian antiquity.

María Mercedes Villafanes Roldán
Creado: 13.09.2013 @ 9:40:59 pm
Roles played by Monasticism and the Latin Church Fathers

The task of preserving the history and literature of the past fell to the last bastion of literacy: The monasteries. Over the centuries, Benedictine monasteries provided local education, managed hospices, sponsored sacred music and art, and produced a continuous stream of missionaries, scholars, mystics and church.
The Latin Church Fathers:
Saint Jerome translated into Latin both the Hebrew Bible and the Greek books of the New Testament that resulted in the Vulgate that is the official Bible of the Roman Catholic Church.
Ambrosse became Bishop of Milan. He wrote some of the earliest Christian Hymns for congregational use, characterized by lyrical simplicity that made them models of religious expression.
Gregory was vital for the development of early church government. He established the administrative machinery by which all subsequent popes would govern the church of Rome. He also extended the temporal authority aof it throughout Western Church.
Augustine was the greatest philosopher of Christian antiquity. In Confessions, he makes a fundamental distinction between physical and spiritual satisfaction. a dualistic model of the human being as the locus of warring elements: the unclean body and purified soul. 

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